The AICPA has issued a new interpretation related to the ethics code for state and local governments. This interpretation helps identify the entities related to a state or local government, which are considered affiliates and thus are subject to independence provisions in the Code of Professional Conduct. Given the unique structure and relationship of SLGs, the approach for understanding affiliates is different from that which is applied to entities such as corporations, partnerships, and trusts. This interpretation, effective for years beginning after December 15, 2020, will drive significant changes in how we think about independence for state and local government financial statement attest clients.